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Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Treaty Between Morocco And The United States

(The Wrap-Up Magazine) Morocco and the United States signed in Washington a bilateral agreement on trade facilitation to promote trade between the two countries, particularly through the simplification of customs and administrative procedures, according to MAP. The agreement was signed in the context of the official visit of of King Mohammed VI in the United States at the invitation of President Barack Obama.

Morocco is the “the first country in the region to conclude a bilateral agreement on trade facilitation” with the United States of America and to endorse the ” joint principles on investment ” and “trade in services related to technology information and communication,” according to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative .

Treaty of Peace & Friendship Treaty of Peace & Friendship
1787
Between Morocco and The United States 
ARTICLE 1
We declare that both Parties have agreed that this Treaty consisting of twenty five Articles shall be inserted
in this Book and delivered to the Honorable Thomas Barclay, the Agent of the United States now
at our Court, with whose Approbation it has been made and who is duly authorized on their part, to treat
with us concerning all the matters contained therein.
ARTICLE 2
If either of the parties shall be at war with any nation whatever, the other party shall not take a commission
from the enemy nor fight under their colors.
ARTICLE 3
If either of the parties shall be at war with any nation whatever and take a prize belonging to that nation,
and there shall be found on board subjects or effects belonging to either of the parties, the subjects shall be
set at liberty and the effect returned to the owners. And if any goods belonging to any nation, with whom
either the parties shall be at war, shall be loaded on vessels belonging to the other party, they shall pass free
and unmolested without any attempt being made to take or detain them.
ARTICLE 4
A signal or pass shall be given to all vessels belonging to both parties, by which they are to be known when
they meet at sea, and if the commander of a ship of war of either party shall have other ships under his
convoy, the Declaration of the commander shall alone be sufficient to exempt any of them from examination.

ARTICLE 5
If either of the parties shall be at war, and shall meet a vessel at sea, belonging to the other, it is agreed that
if an examination is to be made, it shall be done by sending a boat with two or three men only, and if any
gun shall be bread and injury done without reason, the offending party shall make good all damages.
ARTICLE 6
If any Moor shall bring citizens of the United States or their effects to His Majesty, the citizens shall immediately
be set at liberty and the effects restored, and in like manner, if any Moor not a subject of the dominions
shall make prize of any of the citizens of America or their effects and bring them into any of the
ports of His Majesty, they shall be immediately released, as they will be considered as under His Majesty’s
Protection.
ARTICLE 7
If any vessel of either party shall put into a port of the other and have occasion for provisions or other supplies,
they shall be furnished without any interruption or molestation.
ARTICLE 8
If any vessel of the United States shall meet with a disaster at sea and put into one of our ports to repairs,
she shall be at liberty to land and reload her cargo, without paying any duty whatever.
ARTICLE 9
If any Vessel of the Untied States shall be cast on Shore on any Part of our Coasts, she shall remain at the
disposition of the Owners and no one shall attempt going near her without their Approbation, as she is
then considered particularly under our Protection; and if any Vessel of the United States shall be forced to
put in to our Ports, by Stress of weather or otherwise, she shall not be compelled to land her Cargo, but
shall remain in tranquility until the Commander shall think proper to proceed on his Voyage. 

ARTICLE 10
If any Vessel of either of the Parties shall have an engagement with a Vessel belonging to any of the Christian
Powers within gunshot of the Forts of the other, the Vessel so engaged shall be defended and protected
as much as possible until she is in safety; and if any American Vessel shall be cast on shore on the
Coast of Wadnoon or any Coast thereabout, the People to her shall be protected, and assisted until by
the help of God, they shall be sent to their Country.
ARTICLE 11
If we shall be at War with any Christian Power and any of our Vessels sail from the Ports of the United
States, no Vessel belonging to the enemy shall follow until twenty four hours after the Departure of our
Vessels; and the same Regulation shall be observed towards the American Vessels sailing from our Ports—
be the enemies Moors or Christians.
ARTICLE 12
If any ship of war belonging to the United States shall put into any of our ports, she shall not be examined
on any pretense whatever, even though she should have fugitive slaves on board, nor shall the governor or
commander of the place compel them to be brought on shore on any pretext, nor require any payment
for them.

ARTICLE 13
If a ship of war of either party shall put into a port of the other and salute, it shall be returned from the
fort with an equal number of guns, not with more or less.

ARTICLE 14
The commerce with the United States shall be on the same footing as is the commerce with Spain, or as
that with the most favored nation for the time being; and their citizens shall be respected and esteemed,
and have full liberty to pass and repass our country and seaports whenever they please, without interruption.

ARTICLE 15
Merchants of both countries shall employ only such interpreters, and such other persons to assist them in
their business, as they shall think proper. No commander of a vessel shall transport his cargo on board
another vessel; he shall not be detained in port longer than he may think proper; and all persons employed
in loading or unloading goods, or in any labor whatever, shall be paid at the customary rates, not
more and not less.
ARTICLE 16
In case of a war between the parties, the prisoners are not to be made slaves, but to be exchanged one for
another, captain for captain, officer for officer, and one private man for another; and if there shall prove a
deficiency on either side, it shall be made up by the payment of one hundred Mexican dollars for each
person wanting. And it is agreed that all prisoners shall be exchanged in twelve months from the time of
their being taken, and that this exchange may be effected by a merchant or any other person authorized of
by either of the parties.
ARTICLE 17
Merchants shall not be compelled to buy or sell any kind of goods but such as they shall think proper;
and may buy and sell all sorts of merchandize but such as are prohibited to the other Christian nations.
ARTICLE 18
All goods shall be weighed and examined before they are sent on board , and to avoid all detention of
vessels, no examination shall afterwards be made, unless it shall first be proved that contraband goods
have been sent on board, in which case, the persons who took the contraband goods on board, shall be punished according to the usage and custom of the country, and no other person whatever shall be injured,
nor shall the ship or cargo incur any penalty or damage whatever.

ARTICLE 19
No vessel shall be detained import on any pretense whatever, nor be obliged to take on board on any articles
without the consent of the commander, who shall be at full liberty to agree for the freight of any goods
he takes on board.
ARTICLE 20
If any of the citizens of the Untied States, or any persons under their protection, shall have any disputes
with each other, the consul shall decide between the parties, and whenever the consul shall require any aid
or assistance from our government, to enforce his decisions, it shall be immediately granted to him.
ARTICLE 21
If any citizen of the Untied States should kill or wound a Moor, or, on the contrary, if a Moor shall kill or
wound a citizen of the United States, the law of the country shall take place, and equal justice shall be rendered,
the consul assisting at the trial; and if any delinquent shall make his escape, the consul shall not be
answerable for him in any manner whatever.
ARTICLE 22
If an American citizen shall die in our country, and no will shall appear, the consul shall take possession of
hi affects; and if there shall be no consul, the effects shall be deposited in the hands of some person worthy
of trust, until the party shall appear, who has right to demand them; but if the heir to the person deceased
be present, the property shall be delivered to him without interruptions; and if a will shall appear,
the property shall descend agreeable to that will as soon as the consul shall declare the validity thereof.
ARTICLE 23
The consuls of the United States of America, shall reside in any port of our dominions that they shall
think proper; and they shall be respected, and enjoy all the privileges which the consuls of any other nation
enjoy; and if any of the citizens of the United States shall contract any debts or engagements, the consul
shall not be in any manner accountable for them, unless he shall have given a promise in writing for the
payment or fulfilling thereof, without which promise in writing, no application to him for any redress shall
be made.
ARTICLE 24
If any differences shall arise by either party infringing on any of the articles of this treaty, peace and harmony
shall remain notwwithstanding, in the fullest force, until a friendly application shall be made for an
arrangement, and until that application shall be rejected, no appeal shall be made to arms. And if a war
shall break out between the parties nine months shall be granted to all the subjects of both parties, to dispose
of their effects and retire with their property. And it is further declared, that whatever indulgences, in
trade or otherwise, shall be granted to any of the Christian Powers, the citizens of the United States shall
be equally entitled to them.
ARTICLE 25
This treaty shall continue in full force, with the help of God, for fifty years. We delivered this book into
the hands of the before mentioned Thomas Barclay, on the first day of the blessed month of Ramadan, in
the year one thousand two hundred.

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